Hinton, G. E. and Plaut, D. C. (1987). Using fast weights to deblur old memories. Proceedings of the 9th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society (pp. 177-186). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

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Abstract: Connectionist models usually have a single weight on each connection. Some interesting new properties emerge if each connection has two weights: A slowly changing, plastic weight which stores long-term knowledge and a fast-changing, elastic weight which stores temporary knowledge and spontaneously decays towards zero. If a network learns a set of associations and then these associations are "blurred" by subsequent learning, all the original associations can be "deblurred" by rehearsing on just a few of them. The rehearsal allows the fast weights to take on values that temporarily cancel out the changes in the slow weights caused by the subsequent learning.

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