Plaut Lab - Carnegie Mellon University

Dr. David C. Plaut

I'm a Professor of Psychology at Carnegie Mellon University with a joint appointment in the Carnegie Mellon Neuroscience Institute. My research involves using computational modeling, complemented by empirical studies, to investigate the nature of normal and disordered cognitive processing in the domains of high-level vision, reading and language, and semantics. My modeling work is cast within a connectionist or neural network framework, in which cognitive processes are implemented in terms of cooperative and competitive interactions among large numbers of simple, neuron-like processing units. These models can provide insight into how cognitive processes are implemented in the brain, and how disorders of brain function lead to disorders of cognition. I'm particularly interested in studying the effects of damage in connectionist networks as a way of understanding the nature of cognitive impairments that can arise following brain damage, and in exploring ways of retraining damaged networks to inform patient rehabilitation. I'm also interested in the implications of connectionist learning principles for the nature of normal and abnormal cognitive development.  

Representative Publications

  • Plaut, D.C., and Vande Velde, A.K. (2017). Statistical learning of parts and wholes: A neural network approach. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 146, 318-336. (link)
  • Plaut, D.C., and Behrmann, M. (2011). Complementary neural representations for faces and words: A computational exploration. Cognitive Neuropsychology, 28, 251-275. (link)
  • Botvinick, M., and Plaut, D.C. (2006). Short-term memory for serial order: A recurrent neural network model. Psychological Review, 113, 201-233. (link)
  • Botvinick, M., and Plaut, D.C. (2004). Doing without schema hierarchies: A recurrent connectionist approach to normal and impaired routine sequential action. Psychological Review, 111, 395-429. (link)
  • Plaut, D.C., and Booth, J. R. (2000). Individual and developmental differences in semantic priming: Empirical and computational support for a single-mechanism account of lexical processing. Psychological Review, 107, 786-823. (link)
  • Plaut, D.C., McClelland, J. L., Seidenberg, M. S., and Patterson, K. (1996). Understanding normal and impaired word reading: Computational principles in quasi-regular domains. Psychological Review, 103, 56-115. (link)
  • Plaut, D.C., and Shallice, T. (1993). Deep dyslexia: A case study of connectionist neuropsychology. Cognitive Neuropsychology, 10, 377-500. (link)

A picture of Dr. David C. Plaut, Ph.D.

B.A. in Mathematics and Cognitive Science: University of Rochester, Rochester NY

Ph.D. in Computer Science: Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh PA

CV

Recent publications

 

Blauch, N.M., Behrmann, M., and Plaut, D.C. (2020). Computational insights into human expertise for familiar and unfamiliar face recognition. Cognition, 203. (link)

Nestor, A., Lee, A.C.H., Plaut, D.C., and Behrmann, M. (2020). The face of image reconstruction: Progress, pitfalls, prospects. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 29, 747-759. (link)

Sehyra, Z.S., Midgley, K.J., Holcomb, P.J., Emmorey, K., Plaut, D.C., and Behrmann, M. (2020). Unique N170 signatures to words and faces in deaf ASL signers reflect experience-specific adaptations during early visual processing. Neuropsychologia, 141, 107414. (link)

Behrmann, M., and Plaut, D.C. (2020). Hemispheric organization for visual object recognition: A theoretical account and empirical evidence. Perception. (link)

Freud, E., Plaut, D.C. and Behrmann, M. (2019). Protracted developmental trajectory of shape processing along the two visual pathways. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 31, 1589-1597. (link)